Digital transformation is everywhere. It’s powering the growth of smart cities, advances in clinical care, and is even being touted by politicians as the Holy Grail to social and economic advancement. Don’t get me wrong, this is no bad thing. However, we shouldn’t forget that on the flip-side there are fundamental risks for many people — most notably of skills becoming outdated faster than ever before. Many employees therefore understandably fear the consequences of digitization, and may feel they’re unable to adapt to this new transformation paradigm.

This presents modern business leaders with a very acute set of challenges. To overcome these, they will need a new style of leadership, and a new structure for their organizations that helps drive the right behavior in employees.

Focus on Employees

Our staff are the most critical factor for successful digital transformation. Company bosses therefore have to ask themselves: what do I need to change to take everyone with me on this digital journey? Remember: digitization requires new ways of collaboration and a completely new business environment. We face a situation where the established management is working with highly skilled employees – often with far more subject matter and cross-domain expertise than the current leadership. This means that reviewing and challenging traditional structures and culture is unavoidable. Modern employees’ needs have changed: today many have a strong desire for more control over their work and extensive collaboration. Modern companies like Google, Amazon and Tesla are now the role models for innovation and collaborative culture, as HP was some decades ago.

The big task for management is therefore to create a culture and leadership style to support autonomy, empowerment and active engagement. It is not enough merely to invest in innovative technologies to drive digital transformation. The “people first” rule is more valid than ever before, meaning a change in leadership style and organizational structure is required to enable a more motivational and creative environment.

Some very smart people at the IMD in Lausanne wrote that what we are currently experiencing is not “digital transformation” per se but a battle for digital survival. Companies who cannot adapt and change will in time disappear. Successful digital transformation — or digital adoption — is arguably the key to survival more than it is innovation. It starts with a change in culture and leadership.

Digital Leadership

The three main pillars of successful digital leadership are: Trust, Empowerment and Accountability (TEA).

If you handle all three elements correctly, you will automatically stand a great chance of creating a culture of autonomy, creativity and self-motivation. However, many companies are still bound to a traditional hierarchical structure. Micro-management is common and employees are controlled instead of trusted. Yet you cannot evaluate how important a person is to the success of a company by hierarchy, only by their level of engagement. In a modern, digital company, people with the right knowledge and passion will be included in multiple projects and discussions — and others will seek their advice. This really requires the management to change its tune and follow a TEA approach.

If any one part of the TEA dynamic doesn’t work out for a digital champion, he or she will leave and find another company to satisfy their needs. If a manager delegates a task to an individual, for example, but then starts to micromanage – it creates frustration. Does my manager not trust me? Why has he assigned this task to me if I’m not allowed doing my job properly? This can end in a critical spiral that result in the loss of key talent essential to digital transformation. Management must honor the TEA approach 100%. It might sound easy, but it can be even easier for seasoned leaders to fall back into traditional ways of doing things.

The Leader Profile

Leaders also have to be strong and accept having brilliant people around them; often far more skilled than themselves. I can tell you from my own experience that this is always hard, but it is necessary. Embrace the fact that the manager must be more of a coach than a player, focused on putting the right team together. However, even more importantly, managers have to give their teams a clear vision and strategy.

Digital natives, innovators and change agents want to work with people passionate about the journey ahead. The TEA approach will only work if managers live what they preach — they must be authentic. The digital manager is part of the transformation and the spearhead for their teams. In short: the job profile has changed. The value of a leader is no longer measurable via the number of people in their reporting line. It’s in their ability to secure the survival of the company in the digital age.

Digital Skills 

Finally, let us return to your most important asset in the digital transformation journey: your employees. The right TEA leadership approach and organizational structure will certainly help to motivate and empower your brightest and best, and overcome resistance to digital change. Nevertheless, the rapid evolution of skills requirements will also demand a more proactive approach from business leaders and educational institutions.

Right-skilling is an important way to tap the potential in your workforce. Retraining can not only be a highly cost-effective way to move talent into growing parts of the business, but also nurtures employee loyalty and a stronger sense of collective endeavor. It does not end there: schools and universities must also adapt their own educational programs for digital natives, so that the next generation entering the workforce do so suitably skilled.

Eye-catching technology might capture most of the headlines but, when it comes to successful digital transformation, it all boils down to investment in people. The sooner modern leaders change their approach to recognize this, the sooner they can drive lasting success.